When it comes to bourbon vs scotch, there are three main differences between bourbon and scotch; mash bill, distillation process, proof. The most crucial distinction between these two whiskeys is that bourbon is made with a predominate corn mash bill, while scotch uses a predominately barley malt mash bill.
The grains used in each are an essential part of what defines the different styles of whiskey.
For example, rye grain brings spiciness to any whiskey or bourbon brand like Bulleit or Wild Turkey Rye so that you can taste the spice notes right away. Rye grain brings out earthy spices like pepper but also offers hints of cloves and cinnamon.
On the other hand, barley malt is often complemented with sweeter notes like honey and caramel.
- Bourbon Vs Scotch: What’s the Difference?
- Why Does Scotch Mature Faster Than Malted Barley?
- Different Types Of Whiskey
- 5 Benefits Of Whiskeys And Alcohol
- Disadvantages Of Whisky Over Alcoholic Beverages
- What Are The Different Types Of Scotch Available?
- What Are The Different Types Of Bourbon Available?
- 1. Is Scotch Whisky smoother than bourbon?
Bourbon Vs Scotch: What’s the Difference?
The distinction between bourbon and scotch is the distillation process. Bourbon is distilled to no more than 160 proof (80% alcohol/20% water), while scotch must be distilled to at least 94.8 proof (47.2% alcohol/53.2% water).
The difference in proofs makes whiskey from Scotland much lighter and smoother than American whiskey, which has a heavier body and bolder taste profile because it’s higher in alcohol content.
The final distinction between bourbon vs scotch whiskey is proof.
The term “proof” relates to the alcohol volume or level of distillation that occurs during the process.
This means that 100 proof whiskey, for example, has been distilled at 50% alcohol and 50% water (or half alcohol/half water).
As a result, bourbon is most commonly bottled at 80 proof (40% abv), while scotch is typically bottled at 86 proof (43%).
In addition to these three main differences, bourbon often uses non-GMO corn in its mash bill while scotch does not. Bourbon must take place in new oak barrels for aging, while scotch can be aged in used barrels as well.
Bourbon is made in America, while scotch can be made anywhere, such as Japanese whisky or Canadian whisky. These are just a few other ways bourbon and scotch differ from each other.
However, the primary way they are different is that bourbon must have at least 51% corn in its bill, while scotch must have at least 40% barley malt.
Bourbon distillers use around 200 gallons of water per every bushel of grain used in their bills.
For example, brown liquors (such as bourbon) take approximately 18-24 months to mature, which requires bourbon casks to be constantly monitored and rotated for even aging.
Why Does Scotch Mature Faster Than Malted Barley?
Scotch takes much less time to mature because it uses a higher percentage of malted barley, which is already germinated and partially cooked. This makes it simpler and faster to mature with less monitoring of casks involved.
The final way that bourbon and scotch are different is in the ethanol percentage or proof. Bourbon must be bottled at 80 proof or higher, while the scotch bottle is 83 proof or lower.
Bourbon uses around 200 gallons of water per bushel of grain used in their bills, while scotch typically uses about 100 gallons per bushel.
The differences come from the percentages required for each product. For example, 51% minimum corn content in a bourbon bill vs 40% minimum barley malt content and 94.8 proof vs 47.2%.
That being said, scotch is much lighter and smoother than bourbons, which have a heavier body and bolder taste profile because it’s higher in alcohol content.
Different Types Of Whiskey
Who doesn’t love a good drink now and then? With the holidays around the corner, you might be thinking of spending more time with family and friends.
If you are wondering what to get your weird uncle for Christmas, or if you just want to buy whiskey as a gift to yourself because it is awesome – many different types of whiskey vary in color, taste, and price.
In this article, we will explore some different varieties of whiskey (and learn how to pronounce them correctly) so that you can impress your friends at the pub by knowing what they are drinking. First, let us take a look at the
Irish whiskeys: Jameson (pronounced like ‘jam-uh-suhn’) is popular among my friends when ordering pub drinks. The Irish whiskey is smooth and tastes similar to bourbon; however, it has a lighter body and less smoky flavor than you might be used to. Irish whiskey is, although not for everyone!
Next, we will examine the Scotch whiskey: McClelland (pronounced like ‘muh-kuhl-ihnd’) is very popular, especially after people have had shots of Fireball Cinnamon Whiskey in college.
Scotch has a smokey, peaty taste that comes with a full body. The kind that your dad drinks when he wants to pretend he’s Winston Churchill. My friends order American whiskey when they can’t decide between beer or whether they should drink bourbon – includes brands such as Jim Beam (pronounced jim-beem).
American whiskey (or bourbon) is made from corn and has a sweeter taste than its Irish or Scotch counterparts. Bourbon always comes in the same kind of bottle, which can be annoying when figuring out how much you have had to drink.
Once you find yourself ready to graduate to the big leagues (or just want something better than beer), let us explore some good whiskey that starts with an ‘A.’
Armagnac is my personal favorite before-dinner drink of choice; it’s very smooth and tastes similar to brandy. Some brands include Rémy Martin VSOP (pronounced ray-mee mar-teen v-soap) and Hennessey XO Fine Champaigne Cognac.
After dinner, one might want to drink an excellent old-fashioned scotch whiskey – the kind that your grandpa drinks. The best brand, in my opinion, is the Balvenie Double Wood (pronounced ball-vaa-nee), which has an exciting smoky flavor.
If you feel like splurging, there are many other good whiskey that starts with an ‘A,’ including Amaro Montenegro, Amaro Nonino Quintessentia, and Ardbeg Uigeadail. These all vary in price, but they will be sure to impress any whiskey connoisseur.
This article only scratches the surface of different types of whiskey; if you would like to know more about foreign varieties, I recommend checking out Malt Advocate, or if you would like to learn about the different types of Irish whiskey, check out The Whiskey Jug
. Also, if you are looking for an excellent bar to try some of these whiskeys, make sure to check out Mr. Tipple’s in Ballard – they have many varieties and can even recommend a drink based on what kind of flavors you enjoy most.
5 Benefits Of Whiskeys And Alcohol
1. Can ease pain
Most people are aware that a small drink of alcohol can help take their minds off of their aches and pains for a little while, but did you know that it has the power to kill pain?
Alcohol can increase your body’s ability to release natural endorphins, which help ease mild or chronic pain as well as improve your mood in general.
2. Assists in weight loss
It may be hard to believe that when trying to lose weight, popping open a bottle of champagne might assist with your goal. It is true, though! The carbonation mixed with the antioxidants found in wine makes it an effective way to burn fat long after you’ve had your glass.
3. Can help fight off disease
One of the most well-known benefits of alcohol on health is its ability to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and lower rates of certain types of cancer and diabetes.
However, what some people do not know is that they are helping their body even further when choosing red wine over white or rosè because it contains a powerful antioxidant called resveratrol which has been clinically shown to reverse age-related damage in arteries and improve cognitive abilities such as memory, reasoning, problem solving and concentration.
4. Prevents stroke
The antioxidants found in alcoholic beverages have also been shown to prevent strokes by boosting blood flow throughout the body while thinning the blood to avoid clogging. This means that, when consumed in moderation, these drinks are also great for preventing strokes.
5. Assists with digestion
Did you know that a glass of red wine or another type of alcoholic beverage can help your body digest food better and decrease bloating? It’s true! Spirits such as vodka and whiskey have been shown to increase digestive juices, which help break down fat while lowering your stress levels, allowing for proper digestion.
Disadvantages Of Whisky Over Alcoholic Beverages
1. Drinking a lot of whiskeys could result in liver damage.
Alcoholic drinks are toxic for the liver, and if you drink too much, your liver might be unable to cope with processing all the alcohol, which may cause severe harm or even hepatic failure. The poisonous chemical acetaldehyde is formed during oxidation within whiskies.
An excessive amount of this chemical compound causes hangovers, so it’s best to eat antioxidants while drinking spirits. An individual who consumes excessive amounts of whiskey has a high chance of developing liver damage and cirrhosis (Petty 3).
2. Whiskey may have adverse effects on your digestive system.
The tannins in whiskey can irritate ulcers, gastritis, or your stomach lining that might cause indigestion or even vomiting.
Consuming too much whiskey can result in you become disorientated and confused, which will significantly increase the likelihood of an individual getting injured due to falling over things or becoming involved in an accident (Rowan 1-4)
4. Teeth Problems
Drinking excessive amounts of whiskey will lead to teeth problems, such as gum disease and dental cavities, because it has high acidity levels (Rowan 1-4).
What Are The Different Types Of Scotch Available?
The first thing a person looking to explore Scotch should know is that there are different drink varieties. The word “Scotch” itself can be used as a noun or an adjective.
As a noun, it refers to a single malt scotch whisky—a beverage that has been distilled in Scotland from malted barley and then aged for at least three years in oak barrels.
The most popular type of single malt scotch is known as single-malt Scotch whisky, with over one hundred distilleries currently operating within the country. A small percentage of these distilleries produce their distinctive scotches and market them under specific brand names.
As an adjective, however—”Scotch” denotes a Scottish whisky or that deals with Scotland.
The term “Scotch plaid” typically refers to a pattern on the fabric, whereas “Scotch broth” is a type of hearty soup, and “Scotch whiskey” references any blended scotch whisky. Some people also use the word “Scotch” as slang to describe anything they deem as inferior.
There are five main categories of Scotch whiskies—which form the basis for most Scotch cocktails:
- Single Malt Scotch Whisky
This is by far the most popular variety of scotch whisky. It’s made from malted barley at distilleries in Scotland’s many regions, including Islay, Speyside, Highland, Lowland, and Campbeltown.
Within each of these regions, there are also specific brands that have been in business for many years and some newer ones that have recently sprung up due to growing interest in scotch whisky. Some examples include The Macallan, Glenlivet, and Oban.
- Scotch Blended Malt Whisky
This variety is a combination of two or more single malt whisky from different distilleries that have been blended with grain whiskies. This is done to create a smoother drink that appeals to the masses and has a less intense flavor profile.
As you might expect, it’s somewhat cheaper than other types of Scotch whisky on the market today—and it’s still widely enjoyed by those who prefer their drinks strong and flavorful.
For this reason, blended malt scotch whiskies are a common addition to many popular cocktails and the primary ingredient in both the Rob Roy and Blood & Sand.
- Scotch Blended Whisky
By definition, this style of whisky is made from a blend of single malt whisky from several distilleries.
Many experts would argue that it’s not even really Scotch anymore because its taste isn’t nearly as complex as other types on the market today due to its lower malt content.
However, like blended malt scotches, it’s typically much cheaper than different varieties—perfect for those who want an affordable drink that still has depth and character without being too harsh or strong-tasting.
Some brands make single malt whiskies, and they typically market their products as such, but most of the time, if scotch is blended, it means that it’s also made from grain mixture.
- Scotch Grain Whisky
Although some might think this category is somewhat redundant because all whisky is made from grain or wheat at its core, scotch grain whisky is different because it does not contain any malt whatsoever.
This makes it an ideal choice for those sensitive to gluten or who don’t enjoy eating foods containing barley or other types of malted grains.
While there are only a few distilleries currently producing this type of scotch—Famous Grouse being one notable brand—it still offers something for specific consumers in taste. It tends to play well with other varieties in cocktails.
- Scotch Single Malt Scotch Whisky
This is the most basic classification of scotch whiskey, which contains malt (or barley) distilled at only one distillery.
This usually means that they’ve been aged for far longer than other varieties mentioned above—and that’s where you start to see prices go up quite a bit when compared to others on this list.
There are dozens upon dozens of reputable brands out there that consistently produce high-quality malts, each with their distinctive flavor profiles and histories. Balvenie Scotch Whisky is one example.
The average person can quickly tell the difference between a single malt scotch whiskey and a blended one. However, it can be more challenging to identify exactly what separates a scotch from the different types of blended scotch whiskies there are out there.
What Are The Different Types Of Bourbon Available?
Bourbon is a type of American whiskey. A registered trademark of the U.S. government, it must be made in the U.S., with a grain mash makeup of at least 51 percent corn and be distilled to no more than 80 percent alcohol by volume (160 proof) before being aged for at least two years in charred oak barrels or charred oak casks or containers.
Quality bourbon that meets these requirements must carry the “Bourbon” label, while corn whiskey produced in the U.S. and conforms to Bourbon production standards can be labeled “Kentucky bourbon.”
The four types of bourbon are:
1. Straight Bourbon Whiskey –
Also known as “straight” or “100% straight” bourbon – it must meet all of the abovementioned requirements. Bourbon that does not fall into one of the other classifications is considered “straight” bourbon.
It is known as “straight” or “100% straight” bourbon – it must meet all of the stated requirements. Bourbon that does not fall into one of the other classifications is considered “straight” bourbon.
2. Single Barrel Bourbon Whiskey –
Aged in a new charred oak barrel or American oak barrels and then bottled, typically 100 proof. The result is more flavorful than other whiskeys. It also offers a greater variety to the consumer since every barrel’s contents will vary slightly.
3. Small Batch Bourbon Whiskey –
These are individual batches of bourbon, typically made in small pot stills, placed together to create a unique flavor profile. These are separate batches of bourbon, typically made in small pot stills, which are put together to create a unique flavor profile.
4. Blended Bourbon –
Bourbon contains a mixture of straight bourbon whiskeys along with neutral grain spirits, flavorings, and colorants.
The final type of bourbon is a “spirit drink that conforms to the characteristics of straight bourbon whiskey, distilled in the U.S. at not exceeding 160° proof and bottled at not less than 80° proof.” In other words, it’s anything made from a mash containing 51% or more corn.
Instead, it is labeled corn whiskey if it meets those criteria but isn’t aged for two years in new charred oak containers.
Of course, there are a great many variations on the basic premise of bourbon whiskey. The four types listed above are broken down even further into several specific categories with their legal definitions and requirements that go beyond what I’ve covered in this article.
1. Is Scotch Whisky smoother than bourbon?
Scotch whisky is smoother than bourbon. Bourbon is a type of whiskey that originates from Kentucky in the United States.
Scotch whisky is made by distilling malted barley and other cereals, often with unmalted grain – cereal crops such as maize (corn), wheat, and rye. Rye whiskey is also famous.
Although bourbon has a slightly higher alcohol by volume (ABV) rating than Scotch whisky, it tastes harsher due to the use of corn in the distillation process.
Because one of the main ingredients in Scotch whisky is cereals such as malted barley and unmalted grains like rye and wheat, Scotch whiskies tend to be smoother and complex than bourbons.
2. Is scotch easier to drink than bourbon?
Scotch whisky is more accessible to drink than bourbon. Bourbon is a type of whiskey that comes from Kentucky in the US. Scotch whisky is made by distilling malted barley and other cereals, often with an unmalted grain (cereal crops like maize (corn), wheat, and rye).
Although bourbon has a slightly higher alcohol content than Scotch whisky, it tastes harsher due to the use of corn in the distillation process.
Because one of the main ingredients in Scotch whisky is cereals such as malted barley and unmalted grains like rye and wheat, it tends to be smoother and more complex than bourbons.
3. Is Jack Daniels a scotch or bourbon?
Jack Daniels is a less expensive type of whiskey that comes from Tennessee in the United States. It is made by distilling corn mash, which is where it gets its similarity to bourbon.
Jack Daniels can also be called Tennessee whisky or just plain old whiskey.
Jack Daniel’s whiskey tastes harsher than bourbon because it contains rye in the recipe.
The flavoring agent in Jack Daniel’s is Zima, which has an earthy aroma and flavor. Bourbon does not use rye as one of the raw ingredients, so it tastes smoother than Jack Daniel’s whiskey. It is a form of rye whiskey.
4. Does bourbon taste like single malt scotch?
Bourbon does not taste like scotch because bourbon is made by distilling corn mashes and the difference in origin. In contrast, single malt scotch uses cereal grains such as malted barley and unmalted grains like rye and wheat.
5. Does scotch taste better than bourbon?
Yes, it tastes better than bourbon because, besides the difference in origin, it uses cereal grains such as malted barley and unmalted grains like rye and wheat.
So there you go, complete anatomy of bourbon and scotch whiskey! Why don’t you try both scotch and bourbon, typically aged ones, and try to see whether you can identify the flavor differences?