What Is Prolactin?
Prolactin is a hormone that stimulates milk production and other processes, such as the growth of breast cells. It’s also involved in ovulation and sexual activity. It’s needed for breast milk after childbirth, but if prolactin levels are too high, it can cause infertility. Prolactin levels become high for various reasons. If a woman has problems breastfeeding or produces insufficient breast milk, her doctor may give medicine to reduce the prolactin level. Pituitary tumors can also increase it. If you have a tumor, it can press on the nearby nerves that control prolactin-producing cells in the pituitary gland. Learn today How To Reduce Prolactin levels By Yoga
Pituitary gland and prolactin.
The pituitary gland is a small pea-sized structure at the base of the brain. It plays a significant role in our hormonal system. The pituitary gland produces hormones to regulate many functions in the body, such as stress and emotions, growth, reproduction, and energy levels.
Prolactin levels are regulated by a hormone called dopamine. When dopamine receptors in the hypothalamus detect dopamine present, they send out signals to reduce prolactin production by releasing prolactin inhibiting hormone (PIH). Unfortunately, dopamine stimulates prolactin production by releasing growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH).
How does a blood test diagnose high prolactin levels?
Blood tests can be used to diagnose high prolactin levels. A blood sample is taken from the arm and then analyzed for its content of hormones. The hormone measured in a prolactin test is prolactin. The results are given as micrograms per liter (mcg/L). Your doctor uses these results and details about your symptoms to help make a diagnosis.
High prolactin levels are not expected due to pregnancy or breastfeeding. Still, if you are breastfeeding, your doctor may test your blood for protein S instead of measuring prolactin levels to rule out that possibility. This is because the liver produces protein S during pregnancy, and it’s needed for its normal clotting activity in pregnant women who have a blood test.
How can high prolactin levels affect fertility?
High prolactin levels can lower the number of eggs a woman produces and lead to anovulation. This means that eggs don’t get released from the ovaries. In addition, high levels of prolactin in men can cause a reduction in testosterone production, which can affect sexual drive and fertility. So take a prolactin test today.
How does a prolactin test help treat infertility?
If you’re having trouble getting pregnant and a prolactin blood test shows high levels of this hormone, your doctor may want to check if any other problems are causing your infertility. Prolactin is sometimes called the “mommy” or “maternity” hormone because it’s necessary for milk production after childbirth. But too much of it can lead to infertility.
The most common cause of excess prolactin secretion in women is a noncancerous pituitary tumor (adenoma). In many cases, this tumor produces excessive amounts of prolactin. In about one-third of women with prolactinoma, the first symptom is infertility.
Treating high levels of prolactin with medications. Certain medicines can reduce the level of this hormone in your blood and enhance fertility. For example, your doctor will suggest that you go on bromocriptine, a dopamine agonist that causes the pituitary gland to produce less prolactin. This medicine lowers high prolactin levels quickly, but it may take up to six months for your menstrual cycle to return to normal. Bromocriptine works well with no pituitary tumor present because it stimulates dopamine receptors in normal and tumor cells.
If you’re not planning to get pregnant soon, your doctor will also want to test you for other pituitary tumors that may be causing too much prolactin secretion. Other treatments include surgery to remove the tumor or radiation therapy if surgery isn’t an option.
What can cause high prolactin levels?
Prolactinomas are usually diagnosed when the level of this hormone is very high in a blood test (higher than 1000mcg/L). Prolactinomas make up less than 5% of all brain tumors but account for more than half of all tumors (benign or cancerous) which affect the pituitary gland. The most common are: infertility, erectile dysfunction, decreased sexual desire or function, low testosterone in men, and menstrual irregularities in women.
What are the signs and side effects of high prolactin levels?
The most common signs include:
- Trouble getting pregnant (infertility) often happens in”women with prolactinoma before or during early pregnancy.
- Low or no milk after childbirth in some cases when the woman is breastfeeding/expressing breastmilk for her baby. This only occurs if there’s no tumor present during pregnancy, and it can happen even years after giving birth to your last child.
- Decreased libido (sex drive). If you notice any change in your sexual desire, tell your doctor so they can check out what might be causing it.
What are the different types of prolactinomas?
There are two main types of Prolactinoma: Microadenomas less than 10 mm in diameter. Macroadenomas are more significant than 10mm in diameter.
If your doctor cannot find a pituitary tumor with an MRI and you’re showing signs and symptoms of high prolactin levels, they may suggest getting a CT scan or PET scan instead. These scans use different forms of radiation that can penetrate deeper into the brain to locate tumors that an MRI cannot detect yet.
How do High Prolactin levels affect Men?
High levels of prolactin impact men by decreasing their testosterone production, which affects sexual health and fertility.
What is the treatment for High Prolactin levels?
The first line of treatment for high prolactin levels is the medication that lowers prolactin, such as bromocriptine (Cycloset). In addition, drugs such as cabergoline (Dostinex) may also be prescribed in some cases. If medications don’t reduce your blood prolactin level enough, surgery may be necessary to remove the tumor, or radiation therapy surgery isn’t an option.
Natural Ways to counter side effects of high Prolactin Level.
Doing a few lifestyle changes also can help in lowering blood prolactin levels. For example, a low-fat diet may help reduce your prolactin level if you are a man. In addition, alcohol should be avoided because it inhibits the effects of dopamine, an important hormone that can help control hormone secretion from the pituitary gland. Try not to exceed one alcoholic drink per day for men who drink.
Decrease caffeine intake
Decreasing caffeine intake will also reduce the secretion of prolactin. Consuming less than 200 milligrams of caffeine per day is recommended. Exercise helps lower blood levels of the hormone and helps increase dopamine, which can help regulate prolactin secretion from the pituitary gland. The testosterone found in some dietary supplements also has been proven to help reduce high prolactin levels. However, seeking your doctor’s advice before taking any dietary supplement is always a good idea.
Bring yoga into your life.
Yoga is a popular form of exercise that can reduce your stress levels. Stress stimulates the production of prolactin, which means that if you are feeling anxious, your levels may be high. Yoga was proven to lower the stress hormone cortisol and positively affect your brain by releasing serotonin-related chemicals. Yoga will take some work, but it will help reduce your prolactin level without any medication or supplements.
Why Stress Management Is Key To Healthy Female Reproductive System?
A healthy lifestyle is key to managing your reproductive system. Stress management is the most crucial factor in keeping your system balanced, with each hormone following suit. When you are stressed, it can increase prolactin levels, leading to infertility.
Exercise will help regulate the hormone levels in your body. Yoga is perfect for reducing stress and tension, which can lower prolactin levels. Regular exercise has been demonstrated to reduce anxiety, depression, fatigue, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and many other conditions that have links with high prolactin levels.
Healthy diet: Need of the hour
It’s also recommended that women eat a healthy diet that includes omega-3 fatty acids for increased fertility. Omega-3 oils are healthy fats found in fish, including salmon, trout, herring, and sardines. In addition to lowering stress hormones, omega-3 oils have increased fertility by improving egg health and ovarian function.
Stress can lead to many hormonal problems, one major being high prolactin levels. If your stress is too much, you will need to find ways to relieve it. Yoga can be an effective way to release serotonin-related chemicals in your brain and alleviate your stress. Stress during pregnancy may also lead to high prolactin levels. If you are pregnant, do not worry because there are many safe ways to deal with the problem without needing medication or supplements!
Effective yoga for PCOS and hormonal imbalance.
One of the most effective yoga poses that you can do for PCOS and hormonal imbalance is the Balasana. This Pose also goes by the name Child’s Pose. It helps calm your mind and relieve stress, leading to a reduction in high dopamine levels. The downward-facing dog pose is another pose that can reduce stress and anxiety and can lower prolactin levels. Yoga is a natural way to alleviate PCOS symptoms and hormonal imbalance without medication. PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, a hormone disorder caused by high levels of male hormones called androgens (typically testosterone).
SUN SALUTATION A (SURYA NAMASKAR A).
The Surya Namaskar is a form of yoga that requires physical and mental discipline. It is a set sequence of 12 yoga postures that can be done in less than 20 minutes. This sequence helps maintain physical fitness and good health, clear the mind, and eliminate stress. The Yoga Sutra by Patanjali talks about the adverse effects of stress on our minds and body. “If one has been doing Surya namaskar for at least 2-3 months, their fitness levels have been improved.”
2. FISH POSE (MATSYASANA), VARIATION.
If you have difficulty sitting in the traditional Pose, you can do this variation. Sit on your mat and bend your knees to be at a hip-width distance. Bring the soles of your feet together and bring them to a 90-degree angle, with toes pointing up. Hold onto your feet or ankles without pulling on them. Rest your hands in your lap, arms parallel to the ground. Close your eyes and relax for ten deep breaths, opening 15 minutes later.
The Fish pose is a variation of the matsyasana and has many benefits. For example, it’s a great pose to help relieve menstrual cramps and back pain. The fish pose can also stimulate abdominal organs and increase blood flow. However, it is best if done after a light meal as the digestive system will be more active.
3. GARLAND POSE (malasana).
Garland Pose is an excellent way to relieve stress and anxiety. Begin by sitting on your heels with toes touching the ground. Extend your arms at your sides, palms facing down on the mat. Keep the back of your head against your brow bone, lean forward, and release any tension in your body. Breathe deep for 10-15 minutes.
4. MARICHI’S POSE A (MARICHYASANA A)
Marichyasana A, or Marichi’s Pose, is a resting pose that can be done with a bolster. Start by sitting on your mat, bring your left foot to your right thigh, and fold both knees inward. Bend forward and place the top of your head on the mat near the bottom of the bolster. Place your hands on either side of you as you press down for more support. Close your eyes and relax for ten deep breaths before switching sides if needed.
Marichi’s Pose is a great restorative pose after an intense workout routine or an active day. It helps lengthen muscles that may feel tight and reduces stress and anxiety levels with its calming effect. The benefits of Marichi’s Pose are increased flexibility of the spine, relief from back pain, and stress release.
5. BOUND ANGLE POSE (BADDHA KONASANA)?
Baddha Konasana is a sitting pose that can be done without any props. Start by sitting on your mat and pulling your feet in towards your body so the soles of the feet are touching. Next, bend both knees and bring them towards your stomach, keeping your feet firmly on the ground. Finally, let out a deep breath and relax for 10 minutes.
Bound Angle Pose is a great way to release stress and anxiety and calm down. It also helps with fluid retention, constipation, or menstrual cramps. While doing this Pose, you should focus on breathing deeply as it will help release tension in the body and mind.
6. CHANNEL-CLEARING BREATH (NADI SHODHANA PRANAYAMA)
Channel-Clearing Breath is a form of breathing that can be practiced in Savasana. Firstly, make sure your body is completely still and lying on its back. Next, place one hand palm down at the center of your chest and the other hand over the lower belly below the navel. Finally, inhale deeply through your nose and lengthen out your stomach as if you’re pulling it back to your spine.
Close your eyes and visualize that you’re pulling all of the air up from the bottom of your feet and through your body, up to the top of your head, and exhale. Imagine that any tension or stress inside you is being released with the breath on this exhale. Repeat for 10-15 breaths.
Channel-Clearing Breath is the perfect way to relieve stress, anxiety, and negative energy. It calms the mind and brings awareness to your breath so you can focus on it entirely. In addition, breathing deeply with this Pose will help release tension in the body that may have built up over time.
7. CORPSE POSE (SAVASANA)
Corpse Pose is a restorative pose that can be done in Savasana. It’s perfect for those feeling anxious, stressed, or need to relax after an intense workout routine. Corpse Pose is also known as the “yogi’s nap” because it helps you sleep better at night and improves your mood throughout the day.
To do this, Pose, lie on your back with arms by your side, palms facing up, and legs slightly apart. Close your eyes and take deep breaths while focusing on relaxing every muscle in your body from head to toe. After 10-15 minutes of relaxation, slowly open your eyes and return to everyday life!
8. Bhujangasana or Cobra Pose
Bhujangasana is an excellent pose for strengthening the back and spine. This yoga pose is traditionally done in a standing position with the hands on the hips. Place the feet about two to three feet apart with toes turned outward. Place your hands at your hips or by your side, palms facing up. Keep your knees straight and bend forward at the waist, stretching your arms. Raise your chest towards the ceiling and tighten your abs. Hold this position for ten deep breaths, then release back down to the floor.
This Pose is not only great for the spine but also strengthens your arms, legs, and back. In addition, it helps tone muscles so you can improve posture. It’s important to remember to breathe throughout this Pose as it will help keep your mind calm and help you focus on your body.
9. Shalabhasana or Locust Pose
Shalabhasana or Locust Pose is a yoga pose that strengthens your chest and spine. It’s traditionally done in a lying position with the arms stretched out. Get on your hands and knees with your palms flat on the ground. Point your toes outwards, lengthen through your legs, point your chin down to the floor, and stretch your arms out in front of you with fingertips touching the ground. Take deep breaths for 5-10 minutes while focusing on breathing deeply to release tension.
This Pose is perfect for those looking to strengthen their back and chest muscles which can help relieve back pain. It may be difficult at first, but persistence will pay off as it will help relieve stress and anxiety while releasing toxins from the body that could cause illness.
10. Bhastrika or Bellows Breath
Bhastrika is an excellent pose for those feeling stressed, anxious, and overwhelmed. However, it’s important to remember that it should only be done in short intervals of 1-5 minutes, and breathe hard through your nose and mouth while holding your breath after each exhales for 10 seconds. To get into this position, sit up tall with your back straight and shoulders relaxed to concentrate on breathing deeply without straining your neck.
Close your eyes and focus only on the air coming in and out of your body as you breathe in three seconds, then exhale for six seconds, creating a deep fast rhythm where bellows will feel like the air is hitting your body. So repeat this breathing rhythm for 5-10 minutes, then breathe generally without doing the fast rhythmic exhale and keep your eyes closed as you focus on the breath entering and exiting through your nose.
This Pose can be done anytime throughout the day to help calm anxiety, stress, headaches, migraines, and fatigue. It’s a great way to release toxins from the body, which will nourish every organ, including the heart and brain, while also balancing hormones in both men and women.
11.Setu bandha Sarvangasana or Bridge Pose
Setu bandha Sarvangasana, or Bridge Pose, is an excellent pose for those looking to strengthen their back, back legs, and arms. Sit with your knees bent and feet flat on the ground. Place both hands on the ground right by your hips.
Push through your palms and engage your abs, lifting using your abdominal muscles without engaging your hip flexors. Bring both feet to parallel with each other about one foot apart so they will be stacked on top of each other. Keep the hips lifted, lift onto toes, and balance on them before coming back down to even balance on your feet.
Lay down so that your lower back touches the floor while bending at the knees. Rest your arms on the floor to either side of you with palms facing down. Open your knees wide while lifting through your chest and upper back. Keep this Pose for 30 seconds, then lower yourself back to the floor.
Make sure to keep breathing deeply throughout this Pose so that your mind stays calm and focused. This is a great stress reliever but can also help prevent insomnia by releasing tension in your legs, giving you the energy to sleep better at night.
Setu bandha Sarvangasana or Bridge Pose helps strengthen all muscles, including the heart, glutes, inner thighs, hips, abs, and arms!
12. Ustrasana or Camel Pose
Ustrasana or Camel Pose is an excellent pose for strengthening their muscles. It can also help relieve back pain. Lay on your back with arms by your side and palms facing the ground.
Bring both knees into your chest and round your back to form smooth curves alongside your spine before pushing with one knee at a time to straighten them out again. Hold this Pose for about 10 seconds on each leg before repeating it five times, bringing muscles up through the front of the legs, hips, pelvis area, and lower back.
Ustrasana or Camel Pose also stretches the spine, neck, shoulders, and upper abs, perfect for those looking to strengthen their body’s overall coordination skills.
Ustrasana or Camel Pose is best done after you have warmed up your body with some Sun salutations, which is why it’s great that you can do this Pose for 10 seconds at a time to give muscles enough of a break. After that, you can repeat it up to five times which is excellent to strengthen your back, hips, abs, and arms!
13. Prasarita Padottanasana or Wide Stance Forward Bend
Prasarita Padottanasana or Wide Stance Forward Bend is an excellent pose for beginners. It can help to lengthen the back muscles and spine while also giving you strength in your legs. Pose takes a wide stance with toes pointing straight ahead to do this.
The back foot should be about two to three feet away from the front foot. The front heel should be pressing down into the floor while the toes point straight up to the ceiling, pointing forward. The back leg will stay long and strong so resist any urge to bend it or do anything else with it other than straightening it.
Keep your torso upright so that it remains in line with your spine. The shoulders broaden out away from each other without lifting towards the ears. Take a deep inhale and exhale as you release the hands to the floor on either side of your front foot. If this is comfortable for you, just hold onto your back leg. Be sure not to twist yourself into the Pose, but keep your spine lengthened out through your head and neck to stay in line with where your torso is at.
Energy should be flowing through the soles of both feet, which are planted down into the ground to help strengthen calves, hamstrings, glutes, quadriceps, hip flexors, abdominals, and low back muscles!
Prasarita Padottanasana, or Wide Stance Forward Bend is great at helping those looking to strengthen their legs by giving them a great stretch. This Pose can also help relieve any back pain you may be having, and it’s a great way to calm your mind and bring your energy down after a long day at work!
14. Ardha Chandrasana or Half Moon Pose
To do Ardha Chandrasana or Half Moon Pose, begin in the tabletop position. Bring your right leg in front of your left to make a half-moon shape with the front foot touching the ground at the top. Touch your hands to the floor on either side. Keep hips open and back straight. Take slow breaths in and out for 30 seconds, then repeat on the left side.
This Pose stretches your hamstrings, thighs, hips, back, and neck!
15. Baddha Konasana or Cobbler Pose
Place a yoga mat on the floor and lay on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Your feet should be about shoulder-width apart, with the soles of your feet pressed firmly against the floor.
Extend and ground down through the base of your spine, drawing your tailbone in towards your body and pushing your pubic bone up towards the ceiling. Reach out through your toes and let them fall naturally to either side, pointing away from each other. Draw both kneecaps up to create a space in the pelvis to deepen the pose by pressing down into the backs of your thighs or shins.
Baddha Konasana or Cobbler Pose is an essential pose for those looking to open up their hips. In addition, it’s excellent for those who suffer from sciatica or have restless legs as it helps to calm the nervous system, which allows you to ease some tension. Also, Baddha Konasana or Cobbler Pose creates space in the groin, and it can help with fertility if done regularly over time!
16. Supta badha konasana or Reclined Cobbler Pose
Supta badha konasana or Reclined Cobbler Pose is another great pose for beginners. It can help stretch the lower back, low back, and thighs while strengthening your ankles and feet. To do this pose, lay on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Your feet should be about shoulder-width apart, with the soles of your feet pressed firmly against the floor.
Extend and ground down through the base of your spine, drawing your tailbone in towards your body and pushing your pubic bone up towards the ceiling. Next, reach out through your toes to either side at a comfortable distance to deepen into the Pose by pressing down into the backs of your thighs or shins.
Careful not to place too much pressure on your feet as this can cause bruising or strain! To help open up the groins, take each hand and gently press either shoulder down into the floor. Breathe in deeply through your nose for 30 seconds to a minute, holding your breath within if you choose. Then exhale deeply through your mouth three times before releasing back to all fours.
17. Supta Padangusthasana 2 or Reclined Hand to Big Toe Pose
To do Supta Padangusthasana 2 or Reclined Hand to Big Toe Pose, you need a yoga mat and a chair. You lay down on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Place one foot on the chair while extending the other leg towards the ceiling. The leg that is not in contact with the chair should be pointing towards the sky.
You then bend your extended leg at the knee and bring it towards you while reaching for your foot with both hands. If you are unable to reach your foot, try using a strap but make sure to maintain pressure on your thigh with your upper body. Hold this Pose for 20-30 seconds before switching sides!
This Pose stretches your hamstrings, thighs, hips, groin, and the muscles in your pelvic floor.
18. Ardha Matsyendrasana or Half Lord of the Fishes Pose
To do Ardha Matsyendrasana or Half Lord of the Fishes Pose, you need a yoga mat and blocks. You sit down on the floor with your spine tall and straight (and, most importantly, comfortable). Place both feet flat on the floor next to each other with heels staying close together. Keeping knees bent, place one block between your feet so that it is parallel to your outer thighs.
Then cross one ankle over the opposite knee before rotating both legs inward until you feel a good stretch in your inner thighs. The shin of the crossed leg should be placed on top of the block with your toes pointing downwards or towards your knee.
Your other leg can either stay outstretched to the side, or you can place it on top of the opposite thigh after you have correctly rotated both legs inward. Take a deep breath through your nose and hold for 15-30 seconds before releasing back to the floor. Repeat this Pose three times, alternating sides.
This Pose helps open up hips and groin while relieving tension in lower back muscles.
19. Samakonasana or Straight Angle Pose
To do Samakonasana or Straight Angle Pose, you need a yoga mat and blocks. Next, you sit down on the floor with your spine tall and straight (and, most importantly, comfortable). Next, place both feet flat on the floor next to each other with heels close together.
Keeping knees bent, place one block between your feet so that it is parallel to your outer thighs. As you sit up, release back into a seated position with the ankle of one leg over the opposite knee. Your shin should be resting against the block while your toes lie flat on the floor for stability. Breathe deeply through your nose before exhaling deeply through your mouth at least three times.
Then hold this Pose for 15-30 seconds before releasing it back down to the floor. Repeat this Pose three times, alternating sides. This Pose helps open up hips and groin while relieving tension in lower back muscles.