Vedas were considered revelations to the orthodox Indian theologians. The original Vedas were never written. Vedas are usually mistaken to be the words of God, the Geeta. No, but it is believed that thousands of years back, the Vedas were orally recited by the divine beings, the sages, through intense meditation. But, according to tradition, nobody knew the origins of the Vedas. This oral recital tradition was followed for many years until Srila Vyasadeva compiled these mantras into written form. Learn who wrote the Vedas today!

When Was The Vedas Written?

Vedas is a massive collection of sacred writings comprising poems, chants, hymns, or mantras. About 3500 years back, Vyasa arranged the Vedas into four categories, the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda, and the Atharvaveda. Vedas themselves were divided into four mantra subdivisions, the Aranyakas, the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, and the Upanishads

Who Wrote The Vedas
Who Wrote The Vedas

Religious Texts

The Vedas are different from other religious texts, as the Vedas were “what is heard” known as the śruti, but the others were “what is remembered.” Rigveda is known to be the knowledge of the verses, the poem form. The Yajurveda is known as the knowledge of sacrifice, recited by priests responsible for the mantras. 

The Samaveda, known as the knowledge of chants, Veda is linked to the Rigveda but chanted by a group of udgatri, the chanters. And last but not least, the Atharvaveda is known to be the knowledge of the fire priest, collection of hymns and spells used in Vedic sacrifice. 

Why Were The Vedas Written?

Vedas is a vast topic to explore since the topic is on who wrote the Vedas. Circling back to the topic, we know that Veda simply stands for Knowledge, passed on from Brahma and then to Manu. But, Srila Vyasadeva was the compiler of the Vedas, who was the seventeenth incarnation of the lords in the Bhagavata Purana. It is known that his mission was to divide the Veda into branches and sub-branches. 

As the knowledge and attention span decreased through the cycle stages, in the age of Kali, people would have found it difficult to remember the oral Vedas. Thus, Vyasadeva compiled the Vedas giving it his description and was known as Srimad-Bhagavatam. 

This way, Veda became the four Samhitas, Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda. Vyasa was the incarnation of Vishnu, the supreme being, who appeared on this earth for only one purpose, compilation on the Vedas to written form. Vyasa was a sage and not to be confused with devas, who are the enlightened beings, ones who have attained the moksha stage. 

Factoids About Original Veda

The original Veda never existed since they were orally said. The first manuscripts of the Vedas were written by Vyasa millennia ago, which were also destroyed due to the ancient historical materials which eventually broke down and had to be hand copied. The work became tedious due to how vast the knowledge of Vedas was.

The texts we have today are copies of many copies before them. But, the surviving copies of the four Vedas are Rigveda and Atharvaveda, which are held at the Bhandarkar Oriental Institute in Pune, dating back to the thirteenth century AD.  If you want the Sanskrit version of the Vedas, they are available online.

Who Wrote The Vedas
Who Wrote The Vedas

What Is The Vedas?

Vedas are derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Ved,’ which simply means to know; that is the knowledge. To explain the Vedas in one sentence, ‘to know everything.’ Vedas are known to be the psychological literature of the olden days.

Purpose Of the Vedas

The Vedas show the laws of the divine beings portrayed through human beings. The laws manage the Hindu culture’s spiritual, social, sanctioned, local, and strict protocols. 

These protocols these days are known as the traditions that every Hindu person should follow. Since most of the old Hindus did not keep any written reports to any of their custom protocols, it is hard to know the exact period when the Vedas originated. The most recent Vedas date back to 1700 BCE, which was the late Bronze age. 

It is said that the Vedas helped people attain their eternal state. In spirituality, people need to cut off unnecessary thoughts and make minds still to attain the Moksha stage. 

One way is through meditation, and only deep meditation can help attain Moksha. Another is through bhakti or devotion by praying to devas. For many people, the meditation way could be difficult, But the Bakthi way could be more accessible. Hence they suggest people pray to anyone of the devas which suits their level. 

Mythology connection

This again circles back to why Vyasa reincarnated to compose the Vedas for the simple-minded. If you attain the moksha stage, it is believed that a person will become like God, or you will realize God. 

Because the whole perception of the concept of existence will change for them, and they can see what creation is, we call them realized beings or enlightened beings. Similarly, devas are known to be enlightened beings. 

There are different levels, and Devas are highly enlightened beings, next comes rishis or sages, then saints in descending order. Devas are Agni, Vayu, Aditya, etc., whereas Shiva, Vishnu, and Sakti are Bhagwans with no concept of gods.

The Vedas also teach us that there is no word like “God” in Hinduism like western religion says. We call them Agni, Aditya, devas, or divine beings. Human beings with special spiritual powers. Hindus believe that there is a supreme being, Brahman, who is formless and is the creator of this cosmos. 

More like the whole cosmos is one, which means Brahman is everywhere. Hindus worship devas like Shiva, Vishnu, Shakthi, etc. All of these devas are nothing but Brahman in a different form. 

Who Wrote The Vedas
Who Wrote The Vedas

The Person Who Compiled The Vedas:

Krishna Dvaipayana Veda Vyasa, also known as Vyasa, is the legendary sage portrayed in the Mahabharata as the compiler of the same. Vyasa was known to be the eighteenth rebirth of Brahma and the avatar of Vishnu. People called him an arranger or compiler of the mantras in the Vedas. He was born to Satyavati, a servant, and father of Parashara, who denied being the father. Therefore, he lived with his mother near the banks of the river Sarasvati.  

He lived a life of discipline and had a large group of disciples, teaching them about life. He also had a son who went to live in the caves of the Himalayas. In this place, he is said to have divided the Vedas and composed much other great literature like the Puranas, The Mahabharata, which he had dictated to Ganesha as he wrote. 

The Main Goal Of The Vedas:

The hymns in the Vedas are life lessons in prose or poetry form composed of several verses. The whole ideology behind the Hindu culture is to live a balanced life, which includes the goals that humans have to meet, the psychological aspect of life, how one should treat the other, etc.

As we know, life has four rules that every human being must follow: Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. The Vedas consist of these rules and are considered to be external. 

Sums up Life

The Dharma includes the order that sums up life, the right way to live. The Artha is the wealth or property, which prevents anarchy. The Kama points to the desire of the mind interlocked with the physical body. And last but not least, the Moksha is the beginning and the end, death, and rebirth. 

These rules are part of the Knowledge that we get from the Vedas through verses of different forms. Most of these texts were compiled by Vyasa. He arranged them into proper order and divided them into sections of four subtopics of the Veda. People are supposed to understand and abide by the rules, to attain fulfillment in life. 

What About The Veda Mantras?

 The Veda Mantras are words composed of holy sounds and chants primarily used during spiritual rituals, pujas, ceremonies like marriages, and sadhanas, which is the spiritual exercise done to attain detachment from worldly detachment objects. 

During these rituals mentioned above, the Mantras are chanted a specific number of times, which is different for each Mantra in a systematic way that yields the needed benefits. This chanting can be helpful for a couple of things like Cleaning the destructive energy of a newly built house, in case there is any. 

Other examples include awakening a body’s natural healing mechanism and helping with anybody’s problems, mentally and spiritually. 

In the olden times, Sages used these Mantras to cure many medical emergencies like physical treatment and mental illnesses. They attain peace, health, and luck when one chants the Mantras in a systematic and correct order. 

Who Wrote The Vedas
Who Wrote The Vedas

The Sages also chanted and meditated with these Mantras to attain enlightenment, and he became one with god. He can feel the environment around him, and they become one with the environment. 

Recent studies and proves show that Gurus attain enlightenment, and when he knows it is time for him to move on, he can leave his worldly body behind and pass on to his next life. This means he can take his own life. Miracles like this can happen only when a person becomes one with nature, and the Mantras help them attain this level of godly matter. 

What About The Tones Of Mantras?

The Mantras consist of four tones: lower tone – Anudatta, the middle tone – Udatta, high tone – Svarita, and the high tone extended, or higher tone – Deergha Svarita. These tones and used for different Mantras to orally transmit them for the given occasion. Mantras consist of religious sounds and words, a syllable, and a group of words that have religious and spiritual powers.